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Causes and Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

What causes a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A Traumatic Brain Injury is an injury or an insult to the brain from an outside physical force such as an electrical shock, or a direct blow such as occurs in an automobile collision or sports concussion, or a penetration of the brain with a foreign object as occurs in a gun shot wound.

Other causes of traumatic brain injury are referred to as Accelerating / Decelerating injuries by which a sudden, forceful jerking of the head occurs. Whiplash and Shaken Baby Syndrome are accelerating / decelerating injuries. Contrecoup Injuries are those where a blow to one part of the head results in an injury to the opposite side of the brain. Falls and moving vehicle accidents may result in contrecoup injury. The injury may cause temporary or permanent, partial or total impairment to the victim.

To read about the types of Traumatic Brain Injury, please click on a topic:

​Please note: The information on this website is not meant to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should consult your health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.

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