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Diffuse Axonal Brain Injury

What is a Diffuse Axonal Brain Injury?

Diffuse brain injury more often than not is misdiagnosed or not diagnosed at all because the damage is done on a cellular level and is not revealed by X-Rays, CT scans or MRI’s. Severe DAI injuries which cause shearing of the brain tissue, as a result of its shift within the skull are diagnosable through special MRI’s. Recent advances in imaging technologies, such as Diffuse Tensor Imaging are making brain damage, on a cellular level, diagnosable.

The incidents which produce Coup-Contrecoup and Accelerating / Decelerating injuries may lead to Diffuse Axonal Injuries (DAI). A whiplash or some other high velocity movement that throws the brain forward and back or side-to-side, or a combination of the two, stretches and tears brain tissue on a cellular level. This damage is done in more than one location to the axons which make up the white matter of the brain. The severity of the symptoms is directly linked with the area of the brain which is affected.


Please note: The information on this website is not meant to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should consult your health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.

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